The Kingdom of Cambodia is situated in the southwest of the Indochinese peninsular and has a rich culture that dates back 2,000 years ago. The country has a land area of 181,035 square kilometres and population of 15.2 million people (2014). Like in the rest of Southeast Asia, Cambodia’s climate is characterized by two main seasons: the monsoon, which brings rain from mid-May to October, and dry season from November to April. Economically, Cambodia has enjoyed strong growth rates during the past decade. Economic performance had positive statistics telling of an average GDP gwoth of 8.2% between 2000-2010, and 7.4% from 2011-2013. GDP per capita is US$1,036 [MEF's statement on 22 July 2013] compared to approximately US$200 in1992. As a result, Cambodia's economic status has now been upgraded as a low Middle Income Country.
Cambodia gained its independence in 1953. Since then and through to 1970, it was a self-sufficient and prosperous country that excelled in many areas of development. Following an extended period of civil war, the Paris Peace Accord in 1991 created the United Nations Transitional Authority (UNTAC), which was backed by some 22,000 United Nations peacekeepers to prepare the first free and fair election in the country. In May 1993, UNTAC supervised Cambodia’s first general election. His Majesty Preah Bat Norodom Sihanouk was reinstated as King. In 2004, he abdicated the thrown and his son, Norodom Sihamoni, was elected by the Thrown Council to be the King of Cambodia in October that year. Former King Sihanouk passed away in October 2012.
Cambodia is a party to a number of international conventions. They include Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (Ottawa Treaty; ratified July 1999), Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW; ratified October 1992), UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC; ratified December 1995), Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability (CRPD; December 2012), Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC; ratified October 1992), and several international covenants on social, cultural, economic and political rights.